Trigunas….Three Gunas……..Satvik, Rajasik and Tamasik Gunas…….at the level of Microcosm, Macrocosm and Divinity……
Modern Quantum Physics have proved that everything in this universe basically exists as waves or vibrations of energy and are making all the animate and inanimate things in this universe….The three subtle basic components (trigunās) of Sattva, Raja and Tama are the very fabric of creation. They permeate through all living and non-living, tangible and intangible things. The vibrations emitted by anything are dependent on its predominant subtle basic component. This also influences the behaviour of all things. The proportion of these components in human beings can only be changed by spiritual practice. These basic gunas or properties are always existing in composition…..and the difference lies in the percentage composition of the three gunas present…if satvik guna is predominant, then it’s characteristic is seen as the predominant guna….if rajo guna is predominant, then its characterisitic is seen prominently…..if tamas guna is more predominant, then its property is seen prominently……
1) At the level of body…..Satvik, Rajasik and Tamasik……
- If satva guna is predominant, then the person is filled with joy / bliss, as usually we be early in the morning after a good sleep and bath…or after the meditation and pranayama exercises…..person will indulge more in intellectual works like meditation, prayers, studies….. and enjoys each moment…..
- If Rajo guna is predominant, then he is more doing the work…more at action…..which is seen more during the day….
- If Tamasik guna is predominant, then he is feeling lazy, inactive…wants to sleep…..this is seen usually during the night after a heavy day…..sometime we feel lazy during the day too, which indicates that tamasik guna is more predominant at the moment….one can get rid of tamasik and attain Rajo guna or satvik by exercising, deep brething and so on…..
Adi Shankaracharya at the end told one thing….I am Shiv…I am Everything…I am God…and God is me…Shiv is me…Shivoham…..Atma Twam…..Atma is Shiva….Girija matihi…..our mind is goddess Parvathy…Shiva’s wife…..Our Atma is Shiva….our Buddhi or intellect is of three types….Intellect dominated by either Satvik or Rajasik or Tamasik……
If the mind with intellect Predominates tamasik, then it is Kaali…..Kaali over Shiva…..Destroying / transforming everything…..some people experience that what ever they do they end up in disasters….tamas is more predominant in them….
If the mind predominates with Satvik, then it is Saraswathy…more in to knowledge, sadhanas….
If the mind is predominated with Rajasik, then it is Lakshmi…..more in to action thus gaining achievements in the form of money, materials…..
Whatever the mind is predominated with, the same way we behave and get the results out of it….
Some people are filled with negativity…they find negativity in everything around them , in everyone and also in them too….and will try to prove their point….they always try to put some disturbances in the good works happening around….this is the mind filled with destruction…tamasik…
Some people whose minds are filled with rajasik guna, they will always be wanting more and more….they need and want to do everything they see….
People whose minds are filled with Satvik gun, they are always joyful, feel blissful….they are very helpful in nature…..they totally enjoy their life….be always knowledgeable….living in total awareness….
3) At the level of behavior…….
The subtle basic Sattva component is the most subtle or intangible of the three subtle basic components. It is the component nearest to divinity. Hence its predominance in a person is characterised by happiness, contentment, virtues like patience, perseverance, ability to forgive, spiritual yearning etc…A satvik man lives in the society doing service to the mankind and being more considerate towards the entire creation…..with no expectation of rewards, recognition or other ulterior motives……saints, spiritual leaders , people doing their sadhanas regularly are the people who are more with satvik gunas……..
The subtle basic Tama component is the basest of the three. Its predominance in a person is reflected by laziness, inert, depressive, greedy, corrupt, etc…The person has no problem in stepping over the other’s toes to get ahead and harming the society……Criminals, corrupt, mentally challenged,……
The subtle basic Raja component provides fuel to the other two, i.e. brings about the action. The person lives for more personal gain and achievement…..Common people…..
Our entire behavior of reacting to situations, making decisions, making choices and living our lives depends on which of these gunas is more predominant…..
So depending on whether a person is predominantly sāttvik or tāmasik the subtle basic Raja component will bring about actions pertaining to Sattva or Tama.
4) At the level of Food….it is the food which effects the mind one needs to be more careful while selecting food….
Satvik foods….all cereals / grains, natural fruits and vegetables which are not too salty, tangy, spicy , sour, bitter…..like rice, wheat, cucumber, spinach, milk, butter, clarified butter, cinnamon, almonds, cashews, walnuts, etc….
Rajasik foods….foods with more salt, spices, bitter, tangy, sour, hot foods, onion , garlics…….
Tamasik foods…..Dried vegetables, frozen food, twice heated foods, foul smelling stale soiled foods, half cooked foods, uncooked food, foods which are difficult to digest , non-veg foods, wines and alcohol…..
5) Recognising the characteristics/ gunas through colors….
When seeing through the aura of the human beings, if the human being’s aura is more of golden yellow or bright light, then he is said to have more satvik guna in him and closer to divinity…..if the aura is more of red, then he is said to have more rajasik guna…..if there is any kind of black color around then more tamasik guna is existing….Hence all the negative energies are characterized by black energy…..
6) Trigunas at the Level of Macrocosm / Universe/ Planet Earth…which is our concern
If there is an increase in the Raja and Tama in the world, it translates into increased wars, terrorist activities and natural disasters. The increase in Raja and Tama in the world causes a destabilisation of the five Cosmic Elements resulting in catastrophic natural disasters.
It is the law of nature that whatever has been created is sustained, and eventually destroyed. This is the law of Creation, Sustenance and Dissolution. For example, the Himalayan mountain ranges have been created, they will be sustained and eventually they will be destroyed or transformed into other forms. Thus, whenever something is created in this world, after a period of being sustained, it can be expected that at some point it will be destroyed/ transformed in to other forms….
Destruction comes in many forms, natural disasters being one of them. The human race also facilitates this cyclical destruction process by its behaviour, which sometimes culminates in war and devastation, which accounts for the 70%. Remaining 30% accounts for the cyclical changes which is happening on the planet from time to time…. Many geographers argue that the increased intensity of all natural disasters and temperature on Earth are nothing but a part of regular cycles on our planet. They say that similar cyclical changes in the past had taken us to the Ice Ages and had also brought us out of them….it is a cycle of events which takes place with time…..
The time span of the universe is divided into four eras…. In the first Era, i.e., Satyayug, the subtle basic Sattva component was predominant. When there is a higher predominance of Sattva in the environment, cyclical changes are gentle. As the eras progressed there was a reduction in theSattva component; thus resulting in cyclical changes with higher amplitudes. In the Kaliyug where the predominant subtle basic component isRaja, the cyclical changes in creation, sustenance and destruction are quite dramatic. Destruction is generally brought about by increased natural disasters, disease and war. We are in the midst of the lowest phase of destruction in one of the mini cycles in the Kaliyug. Each mini cycle generally lasts for 1000 years.The low phase of a cycle can be worsened if the human race adds to the Raja-Tama in the world.
7) At the level of Matter…..matter is a combination of five basic elements which are Panchamahabhutas…which are earth, air, water, fire and ether/ space…… The five Cosmic Principles are Absolute Earth (Pruthvītattva), Absolute Water (Āpatattva), Absolute Fire (Tējtattva), Absolute Air (Vāyutattva) and Absolute Ether (Ākāshtattva) Principles. The Cosmic Elements are intangible in nature and are the subtle most aspect of the actual elements that we can see and feel. For example, the Absolute Water Principle is the subtlest form of the water that goes to make up the rivers and the oceans etc. In short, the five Absolute Cosmic Elements are the building blocks of the Universe. But they are also made up of the three subtle basic components.
The following table shows how each Cosmic Element differs in its composition with regards to the proportion of the three subtle basic components…..
Element Earth….10% satva gun…..40% rajo gun…..tamo gun is 50%…
Element Water….20% sattva guna……40% rajo guna…..40% tamo guna…..
Element Fire……30% satva gun……40% rajo gun…..30 % tamo gun…..
Element Air…..40% satva gun…..40% rajo gun….20 % tamo gun
Element Ether / Space….50 % satva gun….40% rajo gun…..10% tamo gun…..
As you can see from the table above, the Absolute Earth Principle has the highest amount of Tama; hence it is also the heaviest. The subtle basicTama component limits existence, whereas the subtle basic Sattva component makes it expansive. This explains why the Absolute Earth Principle is the most inferior among the five Cosmic Elements. It also explains why the Absolute Ether Principle is the most subtle and sattvik and thus the most powerful. The reduction in the Tama subtle basic component across the five major Cosmic Elements makes the elements progressively less tangible. For example, Fire is less gross or tangible than Earth.
Humans are composed predominantly of the Absolute Earth and Absolute Water Principles. As an individual starts evolving spiritually, he or she starts functioning at progressively higher levels, like the Absolute Fire Principle etc. This is characterised by a sense of radiance emanating from a spiritually evolved person. As this happens, the individual’s basic needs begin to decrease, such as the need for food and sleep. In addition, his comprehension and capacity to perform various activities increases markedly both quantitatively and qualitatively.
If there is an imbalance in these compositions/ percentages of gunas, then disasters happen…..
If there is more of raja-tama gun in earth element, it will lead to earth quakes…if Raja-tamo gun isnmore in water element, then it results in either excess of water like floods….also can result in returning back to ice age, if it is extreme or lack of water like droughts….….if Rajo-tamo gun predominates in air element, it results in hurricanes, tornidos, cyclones….. if Rajo-tamo gun predominates in fire element, then it will result in volcanos, forest fires……If Rajo-tamo gun predominates in ether / space, then any kind of calamity strikes…..mainly man made…like wars, terrorist activities, corruption, crimes and so on…..
8. At the level time….in terms of Sandhya kalas
From sunrise to sunset clockwise , positive frequencies are moving in the atmosphere. After sunset the anticlockwise or distressing frequencies start moving in atmosphere. Hence we get progressively lesser and lesser benefit of our actions, after sunset. To understand this in further detail let us divide the 12 hours between sunset to sunrise in 4 blocks of 3 hours each. In this example we have taken 6:00 PM as the time of sunset and 6:00 AM as the time of sunrise.
a) After sunset , say after 6 pm, tamo gun starts predominating…..6 pm to 9 pm, tamo gun is comparatively less…..between 9 pm to 12 pam, tamo guna is pregressively predominating….from 12 am to 3 am, tamo guna is at its peak…….the benefits of our willful actions starts getting diminishing as compared to the period before sunset….so most of our important works should be done by the sunset……
b) Between 3 am to 6 am, satvik gun is predominating at the peak…..we call this as Brahmamuhurtham……one needs to do spiritual sadhana, studies in this time….satvik gun predominates the mind and the intellect and gives excellent results…..
After sunrise, till one hour after sunrise, satvik gun predominates….later Rajo gun starts to predominate and is at its peak between 12 pm to 3 pm…..more action / work happens between 8 am to 5 pm, one hour before sunset….taking 6 pm as sunset…..
The time after sunset is a period of higher subtle basic Tama activity. This subtle basic Tama component goes on increasing as the night starts advancing. The subtle basic Tama component is not conducive to positive activity. Hence when we try to accomplish something during the period after sunset we have to work against the tide of higher subtle basic Tama component. Thus a lot of our energy is wasted in just overcoming the negative influence of the heightened subtle basic Tama component. As a result to accomplish any task we end up having to spend much more energy.
The fluctuation of the subtle basic components of Sattva, Raja and Tama is by 5%. During the early morning hours the subtle basic Sattvacomponent is at its highest. As the sun goes up, i.e. during the day, the subtle basic Raja component steadily rises. With sundown the subtle basic Tama component starts rising and is at its highest around 12:00 AM to 3:00 AM. Hence the early morning hours are most conducive to accomplishing any positive activity. This is because the enhanced sāttviktā in the atmosphere enhances one’s capacity to work and because of the lower subtle basic Raja and Tama, the resistance to activity is lower.
Sandhya Kalas…….There are times ….almost one hour after sun rise, at mid noon and one hour before sunset…..these are three sandhya kalas……where one guna takes over from the other…
That is one after sunrise, it is morning sandhya kala….vedic tradition does sandhya vandana….satva guna before handing the atmosphere to rajo guna blesses those who does spiritual rituals and one can get the most out of it in this period….there is almost nill UV rays and sungazing is the best preferred time….…..
During Sandhyavandana, people will take water in both hands, gaze at the Sun and offer the water. Sun gazing is very good, because our eyes are photosensitive. So Sun gazing can get the Sun’s energy in the body.
Sun gazing is known all over the world now. When people do Sun gazing, their hunger reduces, there is a boost in their immune system, and a lot of things happen.
There is an expression which is used around the world when one feels so much love or pain. What is that expression? I want to pour my heart out.
The pouring out, gives you a sense of offering everything. So when you offer water to the Shiva Linga, it is a symbol of offering everything, where one feels, ‘All that I have, all that I am, these all belong to you my Lord’.
This is the prayer. Namah Na Mamah, nothing is mine, my life is not mine, it is all yours.
So as a gesture of pouring everything out, one takes water (as water is the same as love in Sanskrit) and offers to Shiva. Not that Shiva needs water.
At mid noon….12 pm to 1pm…is mid noon sandhya kala….rajo gun which was little less predominant now gets its peak ….12 pm to 3 pm……UV rays and all other harmful rays are at its peak……then one hour before sunset….this is evening sandhya kala…..rajo gun starts to diminish and tamo gun takes over…UV rays wil be negligible and sun gazing is the best time, once again….Vedic tradition suggests to do rituals in all these three kalas to gain maximum benefit in the morning, to protect from peak rajo gun in the afternoon and to seek protection from tamo gun at late evening and night……
9) Trigunas at the Level of Divinity….
a) Satva guna takes us near to the divinity…..the spiritual knowledge is bestowed to the individual by the cosmic energy around, when the person is more predominant with satva guna……this is compared to the creating energy Brahma and his shakthi Goddess Saraswathy…..new noble thoughts, new creative thoughts, new scientific thoughts arises in the person with satva guna ….and the power of these thoughts is given by its shakthi goddess Saraswathy….so Saraswathy is known as the goddess of education and music…..and it is with the blessings of Lord Brahma and Goddess Saraswathy, one can reach heights and attain divinity……
b) Rajo guna is indicated by actions…..actions are necessary to maintain our life….we need to work to earn our living….more of rajo guna leads to more of action and thus more of money or materials come to the person…..One needs the blessings of God of maintenance who is Lord Vishnu and his shakthi is Goddess Lakshmi…so we say Goddess Lashmi is the goddess of wealth…..
c) Tamo guna in divinity is indicated by destruction or dissolution or transformation from one form to the other…..Lord Shiva is the god of destruction / transformation and his shakthi is Kaali, the goddess which helps in dissolution or transformation…..bad thoughts and actions , inactiveness, lethargy and one needs to get transformed…all these negative qualities are to be destroyed and it can happen by the blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Kaali…..
Source: SSRF, Shri Shri…….